1. Tramadol – characteristics

Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic affecting the central nervous system. When taken orally, it is well absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. Tramadol’s action begins about twenty minutes after reception and lasts about three hours. Tramadol is metabolized in the liver and excreted mainly through the kidneys.

  1. Tramadol – indications

Indications for use Tramadol is primarily a pain of a strong and chronic nature. This drug is used very often to relieve post-operative pain, post-traumatic pain and in the treatment of cancer. It is also used in analgesia and premedication.

  1. Tramadol – contraindications

There are situations in which Tramadol can not be used despite indications. One of them is allergy to any component of the drug or other opioid preparations. Contraindications to the use of Tramadol are also:

  • alcohol poisoning,
  • hypnotic poisoning,
  • poisoning with psychotropic drugs,
  • poisoning with pain relievers,
  • addiction to opioids,
  • taking MAO inhibitors over the last fourteen days.

Special precautions should be taken in the case of people suffering from: renal failure (severe renal failure is considered a contraindication to the use of the drug), liver failure, epilepsy and in patients with consciousness of undetermined media, with elevated intracranial pressure, in high risk situations the appearance of respiratory system disorders.

Tramadol should not be used in people up to the age of twelve.

It should also be remembered that alcohol and preparations acting as an inhibitor of the central nervous system may increase the adverse effects of taking tramadol.

  1. Tramadol – side effects

As with all medicines, taking Tramadol can cause side effects.

The most frequent side effects include: vomiting, nausea, dizziness, constipation, fatigue, dry mouth, decreased psychophysical fitness, excessive sweating. Skin reactions such as urticaria or pruritus may also occur.