Muscle pain

Muscle pain is a condition that usually occurs after excessive physical exertion, especially when we have not trained for a long time. Muscle pain may also be accompanied by other symptoms, such as joint pain and general breakdown and high temperature. Muscle pain is usually systolic and only occurs when we make a sore muscle movement. Chronic muscle pain can be a symptom of systemic diseases and diseases of the nervous system. Use natural muscle relaxants to prevent muscle pain.

What can muscle pain indicate?

There are many reasons for muscle pain, which is why this symptom is very often ignored because it is not specific. Doctors are not always able to state clearly what is the direct cause of muscle pain. Most often, excessive exercise induces this symptom, especially in people who have not been training for a long time or have forgotten about proper warm-up before training. Then the immediate reason is the accumulation of anaerobic metabolite in the muscle tissue of glucose (lactic acid) metabolism. This condition is called sourdough.

Where are the sours from?

During very intense physical exertion, no amount of oxygen reaches our muscles, resulting in muscle ischemia and, as a result, the transformation of energy substrates in the muscle. These types of pain usually disappear spontaneously (time depends on how quickly the body regenerates). Muscle pain as a result of intense physical effort is treated as a natural effect of muscle strain.

Muscle pain is a leading symptom in the following diseases:

– rheumatic polymyalgia – pain includes the muscles of the shoulder girdle, neck or iliac rim; occurs after waking up and more than half an hour of muscle stiffness persists; glucocorticosteroids are used in the treatment,

– fibromyalgia – characterized by generalized muscle pain and muscle pain occurring at pressure in specific points, mainly affecting women suffering from anxiety and depressive disorders,

– muscle inflammation (eg polymyositis and dermatomyositis),

– and of course in injuries and micro-injuries of muscle tissue caused by, for example, bruises and overloads.

As a non-specific symptom, muscle pain also occurs in the course of many other conditions. Then it is usually one of the general symptoms, and more characteristic symptoms lead the doctor to the correct diagnosis. accompanied by:

– acute viral infections, the already mentioned flu, as well as a cold, appear in the harbinger period of rubella, chickenpox, erythema infectious, hepatitis A, B, C, D and E,

– chronic hepatitis C,

– rheumatic diseases, eg Still’s disease, Shulman’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus,

– serum sickness,

– tetanus, is caused by strong contractions of the muscles of the trunk and limbs,

– inflammation of the spinal cord,

– systemic vasculitis,

Muscle aches and connective tissue diseases

Muscle pain in the form of inflammation often occurs in connective tissue systemic diseases. It is an inflammatory and systemic disease, most often observed in women aged around 50. Most often muscle pain causes polymyositis and dermatomyositis. A characteristic feature of this condition is inflammation including the iliac and shoulder rim. Then the pain occurs especially when raising your hands up. In addition, dermatomyositis is characterized by the presence of skin lesions on the cleavage, around the eyes and on the dorsal surface of the hands and lateral surface of the thighs. There may also be general symptoms in the form of weight loss, high fever and lack of appetite. Connective tissue diseases are chronic, so the symptoms are long-lasting and effective treatment is needed to alleviate them.

Muscle pain and infections

Muscle inflammation of a general nature may be the first symptom of a viral infection. Typically, muscle pain is associated with the flu or cold, during which the pain occurs even at rest and includes various muscle parts. Then they are accompanied by high temperature, excessive sweating, dry cough, runny nose and lack of appetite. These types of pains are usually referred to as musculo-articular pain.

In addition to a viral infection, a bacterial infection can also cause muscle pain. Then it concerns only one muscle group. Skin and subcutaneous tissue infection can occur, for example, when injured by a dirty object. Untreated bacterial infection can lead to infection of muscle tissue. During the infection, limited pain occurs, occurring at rest, and intensifying when touching the area affected by inflammation. There may be redness and swelling of the affected okoliocy (a high fever is rare). In the treatment of bacterial infections, antibiotics are used, and in some cases an anti-tetanus antitoxin is added.

Important! Muscle pains can also indicate parasitic diseases, e.g. trichinosis.

Muscle pain and other diseases

The second group of diseases that can cause a symptom in the form of muscle pain are non-inflammatory ailments. It is distinguished among others by: malignant hyperthermia, thyroid diseases (endocrine disorders), water-electrolyte disorders, neurological disorders, toxic muscle damage. In the course of endocrine discomfort, muscle pain is most often accompanied by hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. The reason lies in the abnormal calcium-phosphate economy, which causes very painful muscle cramps and unnatural placement.

Toxic damage to muscle tissue occurs during, e.g., heavy metal poisoning or overdose of alcohol and drugs. Also hypersensitivity to selected drugs (antibiotics, cholesterol preparations, antipsychotics) can lead to poisoning. Likewise, there is a malignant hyperthermia that usually leads to muscle damage after taking certain medications.

Muscle pains – how to cure?

In the course of muscle pain, it is recommended to use anti-inflammatory and analgesic preparations that help relieve pain (eg ibuprofen). In the relief of muscle pain, cold compresses apply, applied to the affected area immediately after the injury, followed by warm compresses and baths, which by expanding the blood vessels cause tissue nutrition. Massage and stretching of sore fragments of the body also works well.

The proper diet also plays a large role in the fight against muscle pain. Consuming carefully selected products brings pain relief and at the same time improves the functioning of the whole organism. Contrary to appearances, the diet plays a very big role when it comes to our well-being. To relieve muscle pain, it is worth implementing a larger amount of fruits and vegetables in your daily diet and, above all, avoiding animal fats. If muscle pain is additionally accompanied by muscle contraction, one should consider whether the diet does not lack the right amount of potassium, calcium and magnesium.

If the muscle pain persists over a long period of time despite the treatment, a physician should be consulted who will make the appropriate diagnosis through appropriate diagnostic tests.